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Mechai Viravaidya PDA
Note: There are more pics for this page in the pine image folder.
Viravaidya, Mechai - Thai physician whose mother is Scottish, became the most successful birth control advocate in the Far East in the 1970s. In four years his super salesman techniques reduced Thailand's pregnancies by 41 percent and changed the Thai word for condom to Mechai.
"We didn't want to just give money to the villagers" ...so we took their land away. Our time is worth more than money anyway... "we wanted to teach them something" -Mr. Condom
Is Mr. Condom hyper extending himself hanging his reputation on the anomalous pine tree?
"Cursed is he that hangs on a tree"
13 December 2000
They gave a "Green Global Award" to this guy?
The Honorary Man
What, for doing this?
If you were going to plant trees in northern Thailand, wouldn't you plant teak or bamboo? "Why pine trees"? If pine trees, why, or how, by what miscarriage of justice, did the planter of pine trees get the "Global Green Award" in forestry? This is not a drill.
But Does Mechai Know Anything About The Mandatory Tetanus Toxoid Vaccinations During Pregnancy (3 times) And All The Miscarriages?
That We Wonder. hCG?
What do Mechai and WHO Bangkok Know?
Honorable Mechai Viravaidya:
We have known for a very long time that PTT was teaming up with Forestry to take all the rice land away from the Akha (impose poverty) and push them defacto out of the mountains. This is no mystery. We have also repeatedly intercepted quiet little forced relocations.
What mystified us was when your PDA logos started showing up in all of the Akha villages while this went on. We wondered what kind of marriage this was? Was PDA to be the "party" before the execution? We saw no improvements in village life after the presence of the signs but the ongoing loss of the land to PTT Pine planting schemes.
Then with a little research we found out that the CEO of PTT and PDA were one and the same Sir.
Sort of solved a lot of the mystery. You wear a lot of hats.
Now you see him. Now you don't. Now you see the farm. Now you don't.
Visit The Hilltribe Relocation Center
Very much like the Clearances of Scotland Sir. You might know something about this?
And what are these, genmod pine? Monsanto Again? Delta & Pine Land Co.?
Why replace all the heavy jungle bio mass potential with a dead forest, chasing the rain away, the birds, the animals, and of course the Akha?
Is this the advice of some Harvard think tank to use up excess pine left over from a strip mine cover job in Appalachia or pine plantation in Colombia?
Or are you selling your soul to people in Taiwan, in China?
Maybe you can answer Meeh Yuuh, one of the Finalist Attendees at the World Bank Innovation Day just why innovation should be rewarded with pine trees and imposed poverty on her family?
It isn't about forestry and the environment because no one ever tries to work together with the Akha about these.
Its about the land! A pine and Chinese alien buffer zone with Burma and the Wa.
Nice route for drugs too!
The same week Meeh Yuuh went to Bangkok for Innovation Day, PTT/PDAplanted trees in her rice and corn fields. Not just her's, but many fields of the whole village, some fourty families, a village that was forced to relocate by the Thai army 9 years ago. A village that has to walk an hour and a half to get to those fields, work all day and then walk an hour and a half home again, packing all their tools on their backs. Does your Scottish mother have to work like that sir, imposed by someone else, your wife?
The rice and corn was only six inches tall when they trampled it.
Her village name is Pah Nmm Akha, in Ampur Mae Faluang District of Chiangrai Province. You know the place.
Why didn't you bother to tell her not to till and prepare the ground for months this year, before planting the rice, to just forget it?
Maybe you can tell us what you are getting out of this and who is supplying the pine?
5,000 baht fine if she hurts one of YOUR trees in HER field?
Just how exactly do I explain to her, that the guy up there at the podium is the same dude stealing her land? Cause that is what I told her while I was sitting there eating salmon.
Pretty innovative if you ask me.
And it doesn't seem to me like anyone minds at all what a few KMT do with the land.
Why the big double standard?
These people are just trying to live and the likes of you are stealing them blind.
It isn't like you are working alone. Its the arrests, the beatings, the killings, the planting of drugs, the eager Christian Missions taking the children, all done to destroy her villages.
v Birth Control, condoms, IUD's, sterilizations, vaccinations, miscarriages. What exactly is going on here?
Sure looks that way, since the Akha sure don't have anyone they can appeal to! Even though some of their villages have been in Thailand more than 100 years.
"World Bank - Innovation Day"
Meeh Yuuh has more than just a little story to tell.
It is rather obvious that PTT is taking a lot of land from the Akha Hill Tribe to plant in Pine in the Haen Taek Region and many other mountain regions of Chiangrai and Chiangmai provinces.
The Pine is an environmental disaster. The army says its just to take the land out of the hands of the hilltribe since it grows so fast. The hilltribe themselves are not consulted or engaged in any forestry or land management efforts.
Maybe there is just an inconvenient problem with the facts?
PTT and PDA have a "land taking alliance" and we want to know why you are talking about innovation when essential food growing lands are being taken away from poor people by the government with the blessing of your NGO?
Dear Khun Mechai:
Mechai Gets His Man
Will Americans catch on to Thai-Burmese vaporware worse than dot-commie business plans?
- silly condoms and abortions
- stupid pine trees and relocation
49% of Americans will say,"Abortion is good, therefore relocation is a hard choice but it's what our side is doing in Burma and Thailand. We will maintain solidarity with our abortion allies on the relocation issue. Trees are as good as people."
49% of Americans will say,"Abortion is wrong, but relocation sounds like Vietnam, and troops doing relocation may join the drugwar if we give them condoms."
49% of Americans say government jobs passing out condoms and planting trees during a financial crisis reminds them of Franklin Roosevelt's CCC and WPA.
49% of Americans say government jobs passing out condoms and planting trees during a financial crisis reminds them of Franklin Roosevelt's CCC and WPA which increased the destabilization of the economy until WWII brought the US out of the Great Depression, so the economies of Thailand and Burma will be turned around by joining the drugwar if we give them condoms now for their "innovation hamlet" program.
Would the Indians have sold the island of Manhattan for a handful of condoms? If what really happened was unilateral communication and a handful of beads backed up by brute force they would.
2% of Americans think Innovation Hamlet sounds like Garage Mahal.
Crop substitution? What would that be? Cabbages and Condoms or poverty, land divestiture and eviction?
How About A
PINE FOREST PROJECT?
Poverty Alleviation, you must be joking?
The Politics of Poverty, Government and Religion
Extermination or Relocation?
Do We Find A Parallel With Paul Lewis Treatment of the Catholic Akha Villages in Burma With Verbo Churches in Guatemala?
We see great scourge orgs like YWAM are involved.
It was in the coercive resettlement program that Israel's activities in Guatemala intersected most directly with those of the Christian right surrounding the Reagan Administration. This was particularly true during the reign of Rios Montt. Montt was a so-called "born-again Christian," a member ("elder") of the Arcata, California based Church of the Word, a branch of Evangelical Gospel Outreach.
In Guatemala, the Christian right was interested in converts by the end of 1982 reactionary Protestants had succeeded in recruiting 22 percent of the population to their theology of blind obedience and anti-communism. They were particularly hostile to Catholicism, especially "Liberation Theology," which many of the Guatemalan military deemed responsible for the insurgency.
Right-wing Christian organizations seemed to be especially drawn to the harsh social control being exerted on the highland Mayans. During the Rios Montt period, foreign fundamentalists were permitted access to military operational zones, while Catholics were turned away-or attacked. During this period "many Catholic rectories and churches in Quiche [a highland province] [were] turned into Army barracks. In late 1983, the Vatican itself protested the murder of a Franciscan priest in Guatemala and the (exiled) Guatemalan Human Rights Commission (CDHG) charged that in the space of several months 500 catechists had been disappeared. In October the police caught and tortured some religious workers.
Meanwhile, Rios Montt surrounded himself with advisers, both North American and Guatemalan, from his Verbo church, and what appeared to be a loose coalition of right-wing fundamentalist organizations, most notably Pat Robertson's Christian Broadcasting Network, began an extensive fundraising drive and also started sending volunteers to Ixil Triangle villages under military control. Rios Montt chose Love Lift International, the "relief arm" of Gospel Outreach, Verbo's parent church, to carry the food and supplies purchased with the money raised. Verbo representatives, along with an older evangelical outfit, the Wycliffe Bible Translators (WBT/SIL, the latter initials for the Summer Institute of Linguistics, an organization whose CIA connections are long and impeccable and which has often been charged with involvement in massacres of indigenous peoples throughout the Americas), arranged with the government "to take charge of all medical work in the Ixil Triangle, and for all education in Indian areas up to the third grade to be taught in Indian languages with WBT/SIL assistance," through the Behrhorst Clinic. WBT/SIL and the Clinic's parent, the Behrhorst Foundation, incorporated with Verbo Church into the Foundation for Aid to the Indian People (FUNDAPI), whose stated purpose was to channel international Christian donations to refugees and which coordinated volunteers from U.S. right-wing religious organizations.
http://www.geocities.com/RainForest/2966/americas.html Linkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk GUATEMALA: One of the school's most infamous graduates is a former President, Gen. Jose Efrain Rios Montt. Rios Montt, a "born again" killer with ties to the authoritarian, Eureka, California-based Gospel Outreach/Verbo Church, presided over the creation of a Guatemalan version of the CIA's "Phoenix Program." During "Plan Victoria 82," and an accessory program, "Fusiles y Frijoles" ("guns and beans"), entire Mayan highland villages were wiped off the map and the survivors of these massacres were herded into "strategic hamlets." The intellectual origins for Rios Montt's program was a 1970s counterinsurgency document called "U.S. Program of Pacification and Eradication of Communism." By July 1982, an estimated 3-10,000 civilians had been murdered. Rios Montt is the current President of the Guatemalan Congress.
A Seminar on
The Role of Forest Resources in Rural Poverty Alleviation
(But if you knew what was really going on in the mountains with PTT and PDA you'd have to laugh when you read this, especially if you were an impoverished Akha with no rice land)
In Thailand, the relationship between people and forest has been existing dating from the past. In rural areas, this relationship is on forest in many ways such as a source of food, income generation and water source for agriculture. Furthermore, it is found that forest also plays its role in providing subsistence livelihood to rural people during the economic crisis within country. The more people are affected by economic situation in the society, the more forest is important to rural people. Thus, forest plays another key role in rural poverty alleviation. However, there are differences among people in the fundamental thinking about poverty and lack of understanding in how forest resource management related to rural people's livelihoods.
As the above rational, Thai Environment Institute, Wildlife Fund Thailand, Regional Community Forestry Training Center (RECOFTC) and Petroleum Authority of Thailand have initiated to collaboratively organize this seminar in order to exchange ideas, experiences and to collect a body of knowledge in forest management for poverty alleviation. In addition, it aims to build up networks and collaboration among various agencies and local communities. The programs of seminar are briefly as follows:
13 December 2000
Opening ceremony and a presentation of the 2nd Green Global Award by H.E. Anand Panyarachun
Special lecture on "Poverty in Thai society" by Dr . Nithi Eosriwong
Special lecture on "Forest and the Poor People's Livelihoods" by Dr. Somsak Sukwong
Video presentation on " For Forest, For People, A Road From Mountain Top to Mangrove Forest"
Panel discussion on "Voices From ·." by People living in different part of Thailand such as mountainous area, watershed area of Southern region, Peat swamp forest etc.
14 December 2000
Keynote address on "Forest Resource Management on the Poor People's Livelihoods Basis by Mr. Mechai Viravaidya
A Traditional Thai Opera (Li-Kay) entitled "A Leopard Princess" by the Li-Kay Club, Sri Eiem Anusorn School Panel discussion on " How to Make People and Forest Living in Harmony: Problem and Alternatives for Solutions"
Panel discussion on "A Route Goes Towards Hope" by presenters from various agencies such as Royal Forest Department, Office of Social Investment Fund and Chiangmai University
A Ceremony on "Handing over Forest Plantations under PPT Reforestation Project in honor of the Golden Jubilee of His Majesty's reign to Royal Forest Department " by Director General of PTT and Director General of RFD Conclusion and closing ceremony
3.3 The Thai Business Initiative in Rural Development (TBIRD)
The Thai Business Initiative in Rural Development aims to mobilise the corporate sector to bring its business expertise to poor villages in Thailand. By sharing valuable resources, skills and knowledge, businesses can make a vital contribution to rural development, offering villagers access to information and opportunities that would not otherwise be available.
Despite Thailand's impressive rate of economic growth in recent years, wide income disparities remain between the urban rich and the rural poor. In the north-eastern part of the country especially, high levels of poverty, inadequate opportunities for local employment, declining agricultural productivity, lack of water and deteriorating environmental conditions, are resulting in continued migration to the cities ? especially by the most entrepreneurial rural villagers ? further undermining rural prospects and straining already overburdened urban infrastructure. In order to address this situation rural villagers need access to education and training, income-generating opportunities, credit, markets, basic services and support in institution-building and organisational skills. The Thai Business Initiative in Rural Development (TBIRD) was launched in 1988 to share the financial, technical and managerial resources of the private sector with government and community initiatives, in order to tackle this challenge. Today nearly 100 companies ? ranging from medium-sized Thai businesses to major multi-nationals with investments in Thailand ? are actively involved in TBIRD, which is run by the Population and Community Development Association (PDA). The programme is reaching villages throughout the country, improving the livelihoods and quality of life of thousands of rural inhabitants, and increasingly serving as a model for other countries in the region.
TBIRD was the brainchild of Mr Mechai Viravaidya, Chairman of Thailand's Population and Community Development Association (PDA), and well known throughout the country as "Mr Condom" for his leadership role in the country's highly successful birth control programme. At the time of TBIRD's inception in the late-1980s Mr Viravaidya was Deputy Minister of Industry and was very aware of the growing importance of foreign investors in Thailand's economy. Whilst the growth in the country's industrial workforce and output was concentrated in the cities, he believed that the foreign and Thai companies driving this growth had both the resources and the responsibility to participate in rural development. He convinced the government's National Rural Development Committee to review the role that business could play in this process. Swedish Motors Co. were the first company to get involved with the project and in 1989, with government support, the PDA and the Thai Chamber of Commerce jointly launched TBIRD.
We didn't want to just give money to the villagers. The important thing was to spend time to teach them how to use it properly. (We sure use the land we take carefully, we plant pine on it.)
Thamnu Wanglee, President, Nakornthorn Bank TBIRD is essentially a network of partnerships between individual companies and individual villages, which is catalysed, facilitated, supported, monitored and evaluated by PDA. With over 20 years of experience in rural grassroots development, PDA has pioneered some of the most effective integrated community-based development projects in Thailand, based on the principle that local participation and initiative are essential for self-reliant growth. Today it operates a range of programmes in water resource development, vocational training, HIV/AIDS prevention, education, income-generation, environmental conservation, population and primary health-care from its head office in Bangkok and its 12 rural development centres in north-east and northern Thailand. It is therefore an ideal intermediary organisation to:
promote the concept of corporate-community partnerships to companies, and help the companies and communities make these partnerships work in practice through helping to bring together appropriate partners, facilitating corporate-community consultation and project planning, providing technical assistance and co-ordinating with local government agencies and other NGO partners.
The activities carried out in different projects vary depending on the differing needs, wishes, skills and conditions of individual villages and companies. However most of them encompass the learning and dissemination of skills in four essential areas: organisational; financial management; production and marketing.
Most projects include income-generating activities ? usually agricultural, cottage industries or small-scale enterprises which in some cases act as suppliers for the supporting company. Many of the projects also have a community development dimension, which can range from the establishment of small loan funds, to education support, vocational and computer training, environmental projects and local infrastructure development. The following three examples illustrate the variety:
? One of the largest contributors to TBIRD has been PTT Exploration and Production ? a division of Thailand's petroleum authority. In 1995 it gave US $1 million to set up an endowment capital fund for TBIRD. (Not a bad trade for the millions of dollars in land it has taken from the Akha) It has also launched a landmark programme to implement TBIRD projects in 36 villages. These projects will include components such as: a scholarship endowment to enable rural students to gain access to tertiary education, based on the condition that they return to work for the villages when they have finished their studies; construction of community development centres; a school lunch programme where food is grown by teachers, students and parents; work to improve rice yields and production methods, in co-ordination with the International Rice Research Institute; an irrigation programme in several villages; and a loan fund for housewives to help finance their local silk production activities.
? The Bata Shoe Company joined TBIRD in 1990 and its approach was to build a shoe factory in Buri Ram province. From small beginnings with a nucleus of five women, who Bata trained intensively in Bangkok not only to produce shoes, but also to manage the production process and to train and supervise others, Bata has subsequently set up co-operatively owned factories in three other villages. It owns and runs a training factory in the area, but the co-operatives are owned and operated by the villagers themselves. Bata provides the raw materials and covers the transportation costs, which the company says are offset by the high quality of workmanship in the TBIRD/Bata factories compared to most Bangkok-based shoe factories. The village co-operatives manage all aspects of the production and pay all the other overhead costs. They are paid a market-price by Bata for the shoes they produce, so Bata is not subsidising the transaction which ensures a more sustainable commercial relationship in the long-term. The co-operatives now employ several hundred villagers, each making between 100-120 baht a day ? three times the average wage in the north-east and equivalent to wages in Bangkok. An evaluation of the project has also shown that two-thirds of the women employed in the co-operative factories are former migrants who have returned from Bangkok once viable and healthy employment was available in their home villages.
? Nakornthon Bank, one of the smallest commercial banks in Thailand, joined TBIRD in 1991. After consultations with the villagers of Ban Hua Krok, the Nakornthon task team have helped to support training and study tours to other villages and agricultural institutes; made sure that specialists from government research centres make follow-up visits; funded extra training where needed; helped to set up a revolving loan fund for the villagers; and made regular visits to the village to explain basic concepts of money management, marketing, bookkeeping and other business skills.
? In 1995 the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) agreed to fund a one year Australian-Thai Business Initiative in Rural Development (RooBIRD) aimed at getting the many Australian companies with investments in Thailand mobilised to support the programme. This approach has interesting implications for the other bilateral donor agencies operating in the country, where their national companies have a presence.
? Many other inspiring examples exist: 3M in Thailand has established a company task force which is working with a group of villagers in the Buri Ram province to improve the production of silk ? using the skills of an agricultural consultant ? and the marketing of the silk products ? using the expertise of 3M staff; Bristol-Myers Squibb have helped villagers to access the skills and resources they needed to improve agricultural techniques and to set up a "vegetable bank" ? a model which has now been replicated in over 40 other villages; and the Singer company in Thailand, well-known for its production of sewing machines, has established two centres in Khon Kaen province to provide training in commercial sewing skills. The centres are not only being used by local villagers, but also by others involved in TBIRD projects.
Conclusions and Success Factors
In 1993 The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) awarded a Certificate of Merit to TBIRD for its success in alleviating rural poverty. It also co-funds an international training course on the TBIRD approach which it has nominated as a key strategy for improving human resources in Asia. Harvard Business School have also written a case study on the TBIRD approach as an example for their courses on corporate social responsibility and private investment in developing countries.
Some of the key factors underpinning TBIRD's success have been:
? the individual vision and leadership of the project's founder Mr Mechai Viravaidya;
? the vital intermediary role played by the PDA as a link between the companies and the villages;
? the emphasis placed on companies not just giving money, but also encouraging their employees to get involved. Many of the participating companies believe that this has given their mostly urban employees valuable first-hand experience of the rural realities in their country, increased morale and been beneficial to the company's reputation;
? government endorsement and support for the programme, emphasised by the fact that all project expenses to TBIRD are tax-deductible; and
? a high-profile campaigning element ? supported both by donor funds and the role played by individual corporate "champions" who are often prominent business leaders.
In the last couple of years PDA's international training unit ? The Asian Centre for Population and Community Development ? has organised study tours and training courses on the TBIRD concept for participants from a number of other countries around the region, including Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Nepal, Sri Lanka and China's Yunnan province.
TBIRD's Five Steps to Corporate-Community Partnership
At the outset of TBIRD in 1989 a group of PDA staff and Harvard Business School graduates worked together to produce a 10-step plan for company-village partnership. Today this has been refined to the following five-step approach:
1 TBIRD Presentation
PDA and TBIRD staff present the TBIRD concept to potential corporate partners, complemented by slides, examples of on-going projects and project documentation.
2 Task Force Formation
After agreeing in principle to join TBIRD, the company forms a small staff team to plan and manage its project and to co-ordinate with PDA. This task force normally draws together middle-management and professional employees from different departments with a variety of business experiences, talents, and skills. PDA assist the task force in identifying potential project villages. These may be villages where company employees have connections, where the company has long-term market potential, or where the company has no immediate business interest at all. 3 Village Visit
The task force visits potential project villages to meet community leaders and villagers. Discussions, facilitated by the community development experts from PDA, allow villagers and the company task force members to assess village needs and potential and to discuss possible income generation and community improvement activities.
4 Project Planning
After agreeing on a partner target village, the task force and villagers develop a simple work plan detailing project goals, activities, responsibilities, timeline and budget. This must be mutually agreed by both the villagers and the task force before the project proceeds and is therefore regarded as an informal contract of co-operation.
5 Corporate Approval
The work plan and corresponding resource commitments ? which may be financial, managerial, technical, in-kind, or a combination of all ? are approved by senior management or the board of the company, before the project is finally launched. Funds spent by the company are tax deductible through PDA.
A sample of member companies:
3M ? American Express ? American International Assurance Co ? Australian Stock Exchange ? Bangkok Glass Industry Co. ? Bank of Asia ? Bata Shoe Co ? Berli Jucker ? Body Shop ? Bristol Myers-Squibb ? Capital Nomura Securities ? Carnaud Metalbox ? Castrol ? Design 103 ? Diethelm & Co ? Dusit Thani Hotels ? Embassy of Australia ? Embassy of Japan ? Ericsson ? Gemcrafts ? IBM ? Industrial Finance Corp of Thailand ? International Herald Tribune ? Lever Brothers ? Mobil OIl ? Nakorhthon Bank ? National Australia Bank ? Nestlé ? Oriental Hotel ? Pacific Islands Club ? Pan Asia Footwear ? PTT ? Rotary ? SC Johnson & Son ? Scandinavian Airline (SAS) ? Schering ? Shangri La Hotel ? Siam Agroforestry ? Siam Occidental ? Siam Unisys ? Singer ? Swedish Motor Co. ? Thai Bridgestone ? Thai Farmers Bank ? Thai Fuji Xerox ? Thai Invest & Securities ? Thai Oil ? Unocal ? Upjohn
The above material is extracted from chapter 3.3 ("The Thai Business Initiative in Rural Development [TBIRD]") of: Business as Partners in Development: Creating wealth for countries, companies and communities
Jane Nelson/Prince of Wales Business Leaders Forum [now International Business Leaders Forum], in collaboration with The World Bank and The United Nations Development Programme , 1996, pp. 258-261.
How to order the full report:
"Other Land Robberies"
Page 77, Celtic design and style in homes of Scotland, Ireland, and Wales by Deborah Krasner, c1990, Penguin Books USA, 375 Hudson St, NYC 10014
It's abstract slash-and-burn. When the land goes bad for accreditizing cloud castles in the ethereal mists of vaporware, sell the land to UN nature conservancy and raise tigers on Akha meat.
John Dvorak tech editorial writer for PCMag and ZDnet Silicon Spin TV show anchorperson, said dot-commies weren't commies at all in the modern work-teaming model, but old economy command-and-control nazis. They were wolves in sheepskins. It takes command-and-control pyramids to get far out on a limb with a business plan that would get shot down by work-teaming feedback.
The way the dictator fools the financiers is that they WANT third world countries to fall into debt. That's a story in itself.
The Honorary Doctorate In Forced Relocations
Mechai's pals the sterilizing missionary Paul Lewis and the Chinese missionaries financed by Khun Sa and other druglords and Mr. Condom's Harvard hype ghost-writers shilling for Dyncorp all would have been horse-whipped in the temple as money-changers by Jesus, and they are
Brothels and Prisons
clearly the idolaters and diviners at the top of Jesus' list now--
"covetousness is idolatry, and stubborn-ness is divination"
"judgment begins at the house of God"
Holy Bowlers Festival is when the headman writes the names of Christian idols on a set of bowling pines, er, pins, they could be pine though, and villagers take turns rolling a ball at pins with names of the Christian idols which the Christians hold dearer than Jesus, names of the Christian false gods such as condoms, pine trees, moats surrounding prisons for kidnapped children, and drug money and stolen land and their other idols in which they trust. A bowler says,"In the name of Jesus", and rolls the ball at the Christian gargoyles.
Witch-busting Pinyata Game is when the headman writes the names of every thing and every person stolen by enchantment of curses of fine print hocus pocus like pine tree $100 fines and incantations of Harvard development hype witches and Chinese false charity which is theft by lying witches, written on pieces of tasty food and bound in a papier mache witch that looks like Mechai, hangs the doll from a branch of a pine tree, and children beat Mechai with sticks "in the name of Jesus" until the handwriting of ordinances and other witchcraft curses breaks open and the goods fall
The following is the official curriculum vitae of the founder and principal officer of PDA. It has been taken directly from the C.V. supplied by the PDA office. m Present Positions: Founder(1974) and Board Chairman, Population and Community Development Association Bangkok, THAILAND
Past Positions: Minister of the Prime Minister's Office, Thailand, 1991 - 1992, responsible for Tourism, Information, Sports, Economic Cooperation, Zoological Gardens, Aids Prevention Coordination. Deputy Minister of Industry, 1985 - 1986.
Senator, National Assembly, Thailand, 1987 - 1991.
Cabinet Spokesman, 1986 - 1988.
Visiting Scholar, Harvard Institute for International Development, Harvard University, 1988 - 1989.
Governor, Provincial Waterworks Authority of Thailand, 1982-1985.
Research Associate, Center for Population and Family Health, Columbia University, 1979 - 1981.
Senior Economist, Economic Cooperation Center for the Asian and Pacific Region (ECOCEN), 1971 - 1973.
Economist, National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), Development Evaluation Division, 1965 - 1971.
Adviser to the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1997
National Affiliations: National Institute of Development Administration (NIDA), Chancellor / Chairman of Council -
Suranaree University of Technology, Trustee.
Webster University Council, Trustee
National State Enterprise Evaluation Committee, Member.
Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI), Trustee.
Thailand Environment Institute (TEI), Trustee.
National Aids Prevention Committee, Member.
Narcotics Control Foundation, Member.
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Chairman.
Foundation for International Education, Chairman.
Melbourne University Alumni (Thailand), President.
Adviser to the Governor of Bangkok.
State Enterprises Telephone Organization of Thailand (TOT), Chairman Petroleum Authority of Thailand Exploration and Production public Co. ltd. (PTTEP), Chairman
National Science Museum Organization, Member
International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines, Trustee.
Population Services International, Inc., Washington DC, USA, Trustee.
Past National: Affiliations Tourism Authority of Thailand, Chairman.
National Public Information Committee, Chairman.
National Sports Authority, Chairman.
Cultural Promotion Fund Committee, Chairman.
Advisory Committee on AIDS to the Prime Minister, Chairman.
Mahidol University, Trustee.
Ramkhamhaeng University, Trustee.
Silpakorn University, Trustee.
National Environmental Board, Director.
National Cultural Commission, Director.
National Family Planning Board, Director
Narcotics Control Board, Director
National Research Council of Thailand on Social Sciences, Director
National Rural Development Committee (NRDC), Director.
Past International Affiliations : The Population Council, New York, NY, USA, Trustee. John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, World Population Program Advisory Committee, Chicago, USA.
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Gland, Switzerland, Trustee.
Global Commission on AIDS, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, Member.
The International Jury for the J. Paul Getty Wildlife Conservation Prize, Washington DC, USA, Director.
International Health Award for Outstanding Leadership (1990), presented by the National Council for International Health USA in recognition of work in health, population and development in Thailand, and for setting a standard for innovative and creative leadership for the international health community.
Friend of Family Planning Award (1990), presented by the National Family Planning and Reproductive Health Association - USA, for commitment to the promotion of family planning services in Thailand.
Hugh Moore Award (1989), presented by the Population Action International USA, for innovation and vision in the population field.
Margaret Sanger Award (1985), presented by the Planned Parenthood Federation of America to honour significant contributions to the worldwide family planning movement.
Silver Shell Outstanding Citizen Award (1982), Presented by the Public Relations Association of Thailand for achieving major attitudinal changes in society.
United Nations Gold Peace Medal and the Paul G. Hoffman Award (1981), for achievements in the advancement of family planning and integrated health and community well-being at the grassroots level in Thailand.
Honorary Doctorate of Laws (1993), The University of Melbourne, Australia.
Honorary Doctorate of Population and Development (1992), the National Institute Development Administration (NIDA), Thailand.
Honorary Doctorate of Science in Health Education (1991), Srinakharinwirot University, Prasarnmit, Thailand.
Honorary Doctorate of Medicine (1989), Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
Honorary Doctorate of Information Science (1989), Ramkamhaeng University, Thailand,
Honorary Doctorate of Social Sciences (1983), Mahidol University, Thailand.
Fellow (HONORIS CAUSA) of the Australasian Faculty, Public Health Medicine of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians. (1995)
Decorations: Honorary Officer in the General Division (AO) of the Order of Australia.(1995)
The Commander's Cross of the Order of the Federal Republic of Germany.(1994)
Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class) of the Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant. (1991)
Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class) of the Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand. (1989)
Knight Grand Cross (First Class) of the Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant. (1986)
Knight Grand Cross (First Class) of the Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand. (1985)
Business Day Newspaper, Chairman.
Swedish Motors Corporation Public Co., Ltd., Director
Thai Chrysler Automotive Limited, Director
Mobil Oil (Thailand), Director
Capital Nomura Securities, Director
Motivation Asia (Thailand) Ltd., Director
Cabbages and Condom Restaurants, Founder
Tasman Institute Pty Ltd. & Tasman Economic Research Ltd. Melbourne, Australia, Director.
Mailing Address: Population and Community Development Association
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